An overview of the battles of world war one from 1914

In the biggest naval battle of the war the British lose more ships than the Germans and fail to destroy the German High Seas Fleet. Germany had concentrated all of its resources on the Western Front after the defeat of Russia.

After two attempts to release the gas earlier in the month, this was a cloud of chlorine gas released by the German Fourth Army, followed by an infantry attack.

The following three battles were counter-attacks by the allied troops to try to regain the ground lost to the Germans. The Champagne offensive gained a few miles of ground and captured some 25, German prisoners, but with German reinforcements brought into the sector from the Eastern Front, the French could not withstand repeated German counter-attacks.

At first, the French took the Germans as a light screening force; however, in reality the French were heavily outnumbered. But the rain returned and conditions once again deteriorated.

The battle for the defence of Ypres and the recapture of lost ground included more German gas cloud attacks against the Allied troops. Britain also launched a separate campaign against the Turks in Mesopotamia.

The armies hardly moved at all. The trauma of this loss not only affected French political and military decision-making during and after the war, it had a lasting effect on French national consciousness. Over the next days, the British advanced a maximum of seven miles.

The gas cloud was blown on a gentle breeze across two French divisions in the north part of the Ypres Salient. Support troops hastily sent by the French commander-in-chief Joseph Joffre arrived too late to prevent Bonneau from retiring. When the British first invented tanks they called them "landships.

However, by the time the Fifth Army arrived, units of the German Second Army were already in the area. With a junction of no fewer than five major railway lines, it was recognized as a key strategic position by both sides; hence the construction of 15 forts and gun batteries ringing it, a total of guns, and a permanent garrison of 35, troops.

Russian troops resting in captured Austro-Hungarian trenches during the offensive, summer The Germans fail to break through or exhaust the French army and when the battle is over both sides have lost aroundsoldiers. For the rest of the war Germany relies on U-boats to attack British supply lines.

By British forces were suffering steady casualties there, holding a salient surrounded by higher ground. The stand made by the French over the following months into the autumn and winter of became legendary.

This would compel the German Second and Seventh Armies caught between the two attacks to pull back to the Belgian border in order to protect their road and rail routes in their Lines of Communication on the Douai plain. The British attack achieved some success north of Loos and by the end of the first day they had passed through Loos village and reached the outskirts of the industrial, built-up town of Lens.

The fighting went on for four months, with Allied attacks also carried out against the German Front from the Yser sector in the Belgian coastal region to the Woeuvre heights south of Verdun.

Within three days the Germans had advanced almost four miles, had captured Fort Douaumont and the French-held Woeuvre plain to the east of the Verdun salient.

List of military engagements of World War I

Every day this road was filled with lorries passing each other every few seconds taking supplies up to the battlefront and taking wounded out of it. The German Army achieved unprecedented gains measured in miles rather than yards.

From 5—16 Augustthe Belgians successfully resisted the numerically superior Germans, and inflicted surprisingly heavy losses on their aggressors.

How did it start. Thus the German gains were minimized, and were eradicated by a following French counter-assault on the 25th. Nearly 20, British soldiers die on the first day.

Battles of the Western Front 1914-1918

The fronts in the east also gradually locked into place. Explanation of the formation of The Western Front in the war and an overview of the battles that took place there. The GreatWar This article gives an. From the largest naval battle, and the longest battle, to the most painful and infamous battle, and the battle that marked the end of mobile warfare on the Western Front, discover 10 significant battles of the First World War that took place between Explanation of the formation of The Western Front in the war and an overview of the battles that took place there.

The GreatWar The Battle of Verdun (21 February - 18 December ) was the longest battle in the First World War, lasting for almost a year. The battle took place in the sector of the fortified town of.

A short summary of History SparkNotes's World War I (–).

World War One: The global conflict that defined a century

This free synopsis covers all the crucial plot points of World War I (–). Following the Battle of the Marne (September 5–9, ), the western front became entrenched in central France and remained that way for the rest of the war.

The fronts in the east also. World War I was a major conflict fought between and Other names for World War I include the First World War, WWI, the War to End All Wars, and the Great War.

The first shots of World War One are fired in Africa. By the German Empire has four colonies in East, West and South Africa. British and French forces invade Togoland the site of a key German.

An overview of the battles of world war one from 1914
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BBC - iWonder - World War One: The global conflict that defined a century